What Is Discharged Bankruptcy

What Is Discharged Bankruptcy and FAQs

Bankruptcy is a legal process designed to help individuals and businesses eliminate or repay their debts under the protection of the bankruptcy court. One key aspect of bankruptcy is the discharge, which is a court order that releases debtors from personal liability for certain types of debts. In this article, we will explore what discharged bankruptcy means and answer some frequently asked questions about this topic.

What is Discharged Bankruptcy?

Discharged bankruptcy refers to the completion of a bankruptcy case, where the debtor is released from personal liability for certain debts. When a bankruptcy case is discharged, the debtor is no longer legally obligated to repay the discharged debts, and creditors are prohibited from taking any collection action against the debtor to recover those debts. Essentially, discharged bankruptcy provides the debtor with a fresh start to rebuild their financial life.

How does Discharged Bankruptcy work?

When an individual files for bankruptcy, they are required to disclose all their debts, assets, income, and expenses to the bankruptcy court. The court then reviews the information and determines whether the debtor qualifies for bankruptcy and which debts can be discharged. In most cases, unsecured debts like credit card bills, medical bills, and personal loans can be discharged. However, some debts, such as child support, alimony, certain tax obligations, and student loans, may not be discharged.

Once the court approves the bankruptcy case and the debtor completes all necessary requirements, such as attending credit counseling sessions and meeting any payment obligations, the court will issue a discharge order. This order relieves the debtor from personal liability on the discharged debts.

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What debts are discharged in bankruptcy?

The types of debts that can be discharged in bankruptcy depend on the type of bankruptcy filed. In Chapter 7 bankruptcy, most unsecured debts can be discharged. This includes credit card debt, medical bills, personal loans, and utility bills. However, secured debts, such as mortgages and car loans, are typically not discharged unless the debtor surrenders the property securing the debt.

In Chapter 13 bankruptcy, the debtor creates a repayment plan to repay a portion of their debts over a period of three to five years. At the completion of the repayment plan, any remaining eligible debts are discharged. This can include both unsecured and secured debts, as long as the debtor fulfills their obligations under the repayment plan.

What are the benefits of discharged bankruptcy?

Discharged bankruptcy offers several benefits to debtors. Firstly, it provides a fresh financial start by eliminating or reducing debts. This allows debtors to regain control over their finances and rebuild their credit. Additionally, discharged bankruptcy stops creditor harassment and collection actions, providing debtors with peace of mind and relief from financial stress. It also prevents wage garnishments and the loss of assets, as bankruptcy provides an automatic stay that halts any ongoing collection activities.


Q: Will discharged bankruptcy affect my credit score?
A: Yes, bankruptcy will have a negative impact on your credit score. However, the effects can vary depending on your previous credit history and how you manage your finances after bankruptcy. Over time, with responsible financial habits, you can rebuild your credit.

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Q: Can discharged debts be collected in the future?
A: No, once a debt is discharged, creditors are legally prohibited from attempting to collect it. However, it is essential to keep documentation of the discharged debts in case any collection attempts occur.

Q: Can I file for bankruptcy multiple times?
A: Yes, but there are time limits between filings. In Chapter 7 bankruptcy, you must wait eight years between filings, while in Chapter 13 bankruptcy, the waiting period is two years.

Q: Will all my debts be discharged in bankruptcy?
A: No, not all debts can be discharged. Certain debts, such as child support, alimony, and student loans, are generally not dischargeable. Additionally, any debts incurred after filing for bankruptcy will not be discharged.

Q: Can I choose which debts to include in my bankruptcy?
A: No, all debts must be disclosed in your bankruptcy filing. You cannot selectively choose which debts to include or exclude.


Discharged bankruptcy is a legal process that provides debtors with relief from personal liability for certain types of debts. It offers individuals and businesses the opportunity to eliminate or reduce their debts and start fresh financially. While bankruptcy does have consequences, it can provide a path towards financial stability for those overwhelmed by debt. If you are considering bankruptcy, it is crucial to consult with a qualified bankruptcy attorney to understand the specific implications and requirements for your situation.